Between 2010 and 2014, the Asian population in the United States grew around 11 percent, more than three times as fast as the total U.S. population. During the same period, the number of Asians receiving an HIV diagnosis increased by 36 percent, driven primarily by an increase in HIV diagnosis among Asian gay and bisexual men. In 2015, Asians accounted for 2 percent (959) of the estimated 40,040 new HIV diagnoses in the United States. About one in five Asians living with HIV do not know they have it. Among Asians, gay and bisexual men are most affected by HIV.
Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) accounted for less than 1 percent of the estimated new HIV diagnoses in the United States in 2015. However, in 2015 NHOPI had the third highest estimated rate of total HIV diagnoses (14.1 per 100,000 people) in the United States by race/ethnicity. One in four NHOPI living with HIV are unaware of their infection. From 2011-15, HIV diagnoses increased 51 percent among NHOPI overall. NHOPI cultural taboos on talking about sex may interfere with HIV prevention.